Tuning pegs, also known as machine heads , tuners, or tuning machines, are used to tune the guitar by raising and lowering the pitch of the attached string.
A small piece between the head and the neck that has grooves in it to guide the strings to the appropriate tuning peg. more about
raised strips on the guitar neck that divide it into semitones or half steps. more about
Fret markers on the guitar neck serve as a visual aid, making it easier for guitarists to find their way around the fretboard.
A pickup is a device that captures and converts the vibrations of a guitar string into an electronic signal that can be amplified and recorded.
pickgaurds protect the body of the guitar from scratches due to the use of a pick or fingernails.
The bridge on a guitar holds the strings in place on the body, and can be adjusted to affect the action (distance between neck and strings) of the guitar.
Pickup Selector (toggle switch):
The pick up selector allows a player to toggle between different combinations of pickups on the guitar. Each combination produces a unique tone based on the location of the chosen pickups.
The bridge pickup produces a brighter, more cutting tone that is often used for leads, where as the neck pickup produces a darker sound. Choosing both pick ups will produce a phased sound.
The volume knob allows a player to control the volume right from the guitar itself. Some guitars have multiple volume knobs that are assigned to specific pickups. In this case the volume will only be affected when the appropriate pickups are selected with the toggle switch.
The volume knob allows a player to control the tone right from the guitar itself. Some guitars have multiple tone knobs that are assigned to specific pickups. In this case the tone will only be affected when the appropriate pickups are selected with the toggle switch.
The input jack enables the guitar to be connected to amplifiers and recording equipment via a guitar cable with a 1/4 inch connector.
the tail piece holds the end of the string in place and lines it up with the bridge.